What are Kidney Stones and What Triggers Them?

Kidney stone disease is the formation of crystal concretion in the kidneys. It is a steadily increasing urological health problem affecting roughly 12% of the world’s population. A man’s lifetime probability of developing kidney stones is one in ten, while that of a woman is one in 35. For assistance with diagnosis and treatment, contact us immediately for the best kidney stone treatment in Mumbai.

What is a kidney stone?

Kidney stones are hard, pebble-like particles that form in one or both of your kidneys as a result of high amounts of certain minerals in your urine. Different wastes dissolve in urine. Chemicals in the urine combine to form a kidney stone. The crystals attract other elements and combine to form a solid that will grow in size unless it is excreted in the urine. These chemicals are normally excreted in the urine by the kidney, the body’s chief chemist.
Calcium, oxalate, urate, cystine, xanthine, and phosphate are stone-forming substances.

The stone may remain in the kidney or travel down the urinary path into the ureter once formed. Small kidney stones can pass through your urinary tract on their own without causing much pain or discomfort. However, a larger one may get stuck along the way. A trapped kidney stone can obstruct your urine flow, causing significant pain and bleeding. Read on to learn more about kidney stones, their causes, and possible treatment.

Who is at a higher risk of developing kidney stones?

In addition, you are more prone to develop kidney stones if you have a family history of them. Probable causes include drinking too little or too much water, exercising too much or too little, obesity, weight loss surgery, or eating salty or sugary foodstuffs. Infections and family history may influence the health of some. A high-fructose diet often causes a higher incidence of kidney stones. You are more likely to develop kidney stones if you have certain conditions, such as:

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1 a blockage in the urinary tract
2 chronic, or long-lasting bowel inflammation
3 cystic kidney diseases
4 digestive problems
5 gout
6 obesity
7 recurring UTIs

Types of kidney stones

Calcium oxalate: Calcium combines with oxalate in the urine to form the most common type of kidney stone. Inadequate calcium and fluid intake, among other things, could contribute to their development.

Uric acid: Dietary fibers are a natural chemical component found in high amounts in foods like meat and seafood. Consuming a lot of dietary fibers causes your body to produce more sodium salt, which can cause kidney stones.

Struvite: Infections in the upper urinary tract cause these stones. These are less common.

Cystine: These stones are extremely rare, and usually run in families.

Kidney stone symptoms

They could be the size of a grain of sand or a pea. In general, the larger the stone, the more evident the symptoms are:

1. significant lower back pain on one side or the other
2. blood in the urine
3. nausea or vomiting
4. fever and chills
5. urine that stinks or looks hazy
6. Kidney stone treatment

Kidney stones treating in the same way in children and adults. It is advisable to consume adequate water. So, Doctors try to pass the stone without having to operate. You might also be prescribed medicine to make your urine less acidic. However, if it is too large, restricts the passage of urine, or shows signs of infection, surgery is the only option.

If kidney stones are not treating, they can result in:

1 hematuria (blood in the urine)
2 severe discomfort
3 urinary tract infections (UTIs)
4 weakened immune systems
5 Kidney failure

Kidney stone diagnosis

Usually, kidney stones are detected by chance during routine medical tests. Finding the cause of the stone can be aided by urine and blood tests. Therefore, Additional testing could include:

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1 Ultrasound
2 CT scans
3 x-rays

Imaging tests can assist doctors in diagnosing the following:

checks if a stone exists
validates size and location of stones
identifies blockages in the urinary tract
examines if the issue has spread to other organs
How to lower the risk of kidney stones
Drinking lots of water will keep your urine from becoming concentrated with waste materials.
Reduce the amount of salt in your diet by eating more fruits and vegetables, which will make your urine less acidic.


Kidney stones are a common occurrence. Therefore, Drinking too little water is a key contributor, but food habits, obesity, and a sedentary lifestyle can also play a role. To avoid problems, anyone experiencing symptoms of a kidney stone, urine infection, or kidney infection should seek medical advice. Connect with us for the best kidney stone treatment in Mumbai.

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